For more than 30 years, Northeastern PA homeowners have trusted T.E. Spall & Son for heating, air conditioning, and plumbing in Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, and the surrounding areas. Our team of highly trained, professional HVAC contractors and plumbers is committed to providing you with the best heating and cooling services possible. Your satisfaction and comfort are always our number one priorities!
As a Bryant dealer, with a wide variety of products to choose from, we can keep your family healthy and feeling comfortable all year long. We carry a complete line of indoor comfort equipment with innovations that raise the standards of comfort and reliability, including air conditioners, heat pumps, gas furnaces, programmable thermostats, humidifiers, ductless split systems, geothermal systems, air cleaners, ultra violet lights and zoning products. Let the experts at Boeschen's Heating & Cooling help you customize a solution that's right for you.
The cost of a new furnace might make you balk at first thought, but with modern manufacturers offering an extremely diverse range of options with varying AFUE ratings, optional accessories, and more, there is a furnace to meet any budget! It’s just important that you work with the right service team and experts that will work with you rather than try to “sell” you.
Keeping a warm and comfortable home, without excessive cost, can be a challenge.  The professionals from Air Blue Heating and Cooling Inc. specialize in tough challenges.  As a Carrier Factory Authorized Dealer, we match your needs to superior products, bringing you precision temperature control with unprecedented efficiency.  We enhance the enjoyment of your living and working environment with convenient features, reliable operation, and minimized energy bills.  Whether you’re in need of installation, replacement, seasonal maintenance, or prompt repair, we provide same-day and 24/7 Emergency Service across Wheeling, Buffalo Grove, Northbrook, Deerfield, IL.  Our team of fully licensed, bonded, insured, and NATE-certified technicians work tirelessly to eliminate the stress, wasted time, and disruption of anything less than ideal temperature control.  By focusing on customer service and delivering trusted results, Air Blue Heating and Cooling Inc. takes all the necessary steps that lead to your 100% satisfaction.
Typically found in induced draft furnaces, an intermittent pilot ignites the burner gas with a high-voltage spark only when the thermostat calls for heat. Once the pilot is lit, and the main burner senses the pilot flame (using a flame sensing rod), the main burner ignites. The intermittent pilot flame goes out after the heating cycle and remains off until the next time the thermostat calls for heat. 

A gas that can be retrofitted into a refrigeration system designed for another, without major system changes. For example, R422D is a drop-in replacement for R22 in many applications. However, hydrocarbon refrigerants are NOT drop-in alternatives for most fluorocarbon refrigerants due to substantial system changes needed to manage their differing characteristics (e.g. flammability).
Heat pumps are similar to cooling only systems with one exception. A special valve in the refrigeration piping allow the refrigeration cycle to be operated in reverse. A cooling only system cools the indoor air and rejects heat to the outdoors. A heat pump can also cool the indoor air, but when the valve is reversed, the indoor air is heated. A supplementary electric resistance heater may also be used to assist the heat pump at lower outdoor temperatures. In colder climates, heat pumps require a defrost period. During defrost times the electric heater is the only means of heating the interior of the building. These units are manufactured as either split or packaged systems.
At A-PLUS Service Experts Heating & Air Conditioning, we are well accustomed heating and air conditioning, which is why we back up our work with our 100% Satisfaction Guarantee*. Not only does it demonstrate our confidence that you’ll be happy with the furnace repair we have finished, it holds us to a higher standard, making certain that we continue to provide you with exceptional service without fail. When it’s time to address any heating and cooling question or concern you have, know that you can trust the experts at A-PLUS Service Experts Heating & Air Conditioning regardless of what the Waldorf weather tosses our way.
Your comfort is a priority for us. A large part of comfortable living in Cary is not only having a functioning HVAC system, it’s also understanding who to call when you have a problem. If your air conditioner starts to fail in the middle of the Cary summer, you don’t have to stay at a friend’s for weeks on end. Or if your heater goes out during a blizzard, you don’t have to dig your heaviest blankets out of the basement. Instead, you can make an appointment with a member of our team and have him or her resolve your concerns. There is no problem in Cary you can encounter that we can’t work with you to solve. You can feel confident in knowing that you’re in qualified hands.
Whether you’re confronted with a minor maintenance issue, safety concern, or system failure, don’t hesitate to call 303-678-5576 for expert assistance. 24/7 Emergency Service allows you to get the help you need, whenever you need it. For all repairs, we prioritize your best interests, providing the information, cost-effective recommendations, and honest answers that add up to greater value for your investment. Our experienced HVAC specialists are familiar with all makes and models, and focus on repairs that enhance the reliability and performance of your equipment. When the job is complete, rest assured there will be no mess, damage, or discarded debris for you to deal with, and your furnace will be ready to meet demand. At Welzig Heating & Air, we build on a reputation for excellence each time we answer a call for repair across Boulder, Longmont, Louisville, Lafayette, CO & more.

Though Harrison had commercial success establishing a second ice company back in Sydney in 1860, he later entered the debate over how to compete against the American advantage of ice-refrigerated beef sales to the United Kingdom. He wrote: "Fresh meat frozen and packed as if for a voyage, so that the refrigerating process may be continued for any required period", and in 1873 prepared the sailing ship Norfolk for an experimental beef shipment to the United Kingdom. His choice of a cold room system instead of installing a refrigeration system upon the ship itself proved disastrous when the ice was consumed faster than expected.[citation needed]


Air conditioners often use a fan to distribute the conditioned air to an occupied space such as a building or a car to improve thermal comfort and indoor air quality. Electric refrigerant-based AC units range from small units that can cool a small bedroom, which can be carried by a single adult, to massive units installed on the roof of office towers that can cool an entire building. The cooling is typically achieved through a refrigeration cycle, but sometimes evaporation or free cooling is used. Air conditioning systems can also be made based on desiccants (chemicals which remove moisture from the air) and subterraneous pipes that can distribute the heated refrigerant to the ground for cooling.[2]
As this liquid passes through the indoor cooling coil on the inside of the heat exchanger, two things happen to the air that passes over the coil’s surface on the outside of the heat exchanger. The air’s temperature is lowered (sensible cooling) and moisture in the air is removed (latent cooling) if the indoor air dew point is higher than the temperature of the coil’s surface. The total cooling (capacity) of an AC system is the sum of the sensible and latent cooling. Many factors influence the cooling capacity of a DX air conditioner. Total cooling is inversely proportional to outdoor temperature. As the outdoor temperature increases the total capacity is reduced. Air flow over the indoor cooling coil also affects the coil’s capacity and is directly proportional to the total capacity of an AC system. As air flow increases, the total capacity also increases. At higher air flow rates the latent capacity of the cooling coil is reduced. Indoor temperature and humidity also affect the total capacity of the AC system. As indoor temperatures increase, the sensible capacity also increases. Similarly, as indoor relative humidity increases the latent capacity of the AC system increases. Manufacturers of AC equipment typically provide a “performance map” of specific equipment to show how total, sensible, and latent capacity change with changing indoor and outdoor temperatures and humidity. Power consumption and energy efficiency are also provided in these charts.
Multiple inventions within this time frame preceded the beginnings of first comfort air conditioning system, which was designed in 1902 by Alfred Wolff (Cooper, 2003) for the New York Stock Exchange, while Willis Carrier equipped the Sacketts-Wilhems Printing Company with the process AC unit the same year. Coyne College was the first school to offer HVAC training in 1899.[12]
Modern refrigerants have been developed to be more environmentally safe than many of the early chlorofluorocarbon-based refrigerants used in the early- and mid-twentieth century. These include HCFCs (R-22, as used in most U.S. homes before 2011) and HFCs (R-134a, used in most cars) have replaced most CFC use. HCFCs, in turn, are supposed to have been in the process of being phased out under the Montreal Protocol and replaced by HFCs such as R-410A, which lack chlorine.[14] HFCs, however, contribute to climate change problems. Moreover, policy and political influence by corporate executives resisted change.[15][16] Corporations insisted that no alternatives to HFCs existed. The environmental organization Greenpeace provided funding to a former East German refrigerator company to research an alternative ozone- and climate-safe refrigerant in 1992. The company developed a hydrocarbon mix of isopentane and isobutane, but as a condition of the contract with Greenpeace could not patent the technology, which led to its widespread adoption by other firms.[17][18][19] Their activist marketing first in Germany led to companies like Whirlpool, Bosch, and later LG and others to incorporate the technology throughout Europe, then Asia, although the corporate executives resisted in Latin America, so that it arrived in Argentina produced by a domestic firm in 2003, and then finally with giant Bosch's production in Brazil by 2004.[20][21]
When a gas furnace is not in operation, most send a steady, wasteful draft of warm household air traveling up the venting system and out the roof. The Rheem Classic® Series and Classic® Plus Lines – with AFUE ratings of 78% and better – feature an induced-draft blower that works in conjunction with a hot surface ignition system to pull hot gases through the heat exchanger at a constant and controlled rate of flow. As the burner cycles off, the draft blower stops, keeping the heating air in the system.
Keep in mind that ducts used for heating might not be the right size or in the right location for optimal cooling. Your contractor should ensure that duct sections are properly sized and that there are enough supply registers to deliver sufficient air to the right spots. Undersized ductwork can make for inefficient and noisy operation. Here’s how to keep yours humming:
For more than sixty years, Nerthling's Heating and Air Conditioning has continued a tradition of superior customer service across Erie County, including Erie, Millcreek and Fairview.  Family owned and operated, we treat you, your home, and your comfort the way we would like to be treated.  This commitment to integrity extends to every service and product we provide.  Our goal is to deliver the highest rewards for your investment, whether you require installation, maintenance, or repair.  We offer a wide range of styles and sizes of equipment, services, and resources to help you achieve your goals for temperature control, air quality, and energy savings.
The heat-exchanger cools the air that is being forced through it by the furnace blower. As the warm air comes in contact with this cool surface the water in the air condenses. By pulling the water molecules from the air. According to the psychometric chart[42] as relative humidity decreases in order to feel cool you will have to lower the temperature even more. A common way to counteract this effect is by installing a whole-home humidifier.[43] Similarly, installing a high efficient system this need to turn the temperature down wont have such and influence on your energy costs.

Ventilating or ventilation (the V in HVAC) is the process of exchanging or replacing air in any space to provide high indoor air quality which involves temperature control, oxygen replenishment, and removal of moisture, odors, smoke, heat, dust, airborne bacteria, carbon dioxide, and other gases. Ventilation removes unpleasant smells and excessive moisture, introduces outside air, keeps interior building air circulating, and prevents stagnation of the interior air.

Deciding the best option for your cooling needs can be confusing and exhausting when looking at everything available in the industry.  We want to provide you with information that is concise and easy to understand how they operate.  Information is knowledge and knowledge is power, so we want to give you the power to buy smart for both your wallet and your needs!  Below are the most common types of air conditioning systems and the process by which they operate.
Air Conditioning Your home's air conditioner is an essential part of your overall indoor comfort. A properly working system can mean the difference between a cool, comfortable summer and a hot, miserable few months. If you're currently dealing with a broken air conditioner, an inefficient system, or you would like to schedule a routine, pre-season tune-up, Horizon Services is here to help!
An improperly maintained heating and air conditioning is an inefficient heating and air conditioning system. That’s why we provide appointments for annual inspections with our licensed technicians. It’s our goal to make sure that your home is as comfortable and energy-efficient as possible. For inspections, repairs, and service, contact BGE HOME for quality service.
For residential homes, some countries set minimum requirements for energy efficiency. In the United States, the efficiency of air conditioners is often (but not always) rated by the seasonal energy efficiency ratio (SEER). The higher the SEER rating, the more energy efficient is the air conditioner. The SEER rating is the BTU of cooling output during its normal annual usage divided by the total electric energy input in watt hours (W·h) during the same period.[33]
Its unique feature is the presence of one main external unit that connected to several indoor units. Such systems might be the right solution for maintaining the microclimate in several offices, shops, large living spaces. Just few of outdoor units do not worsen the aesthetic appearance of the building.The main external unit can be connected to several different indoor types: floor, ceiling, cassette, etc.
The amount of time air duct cleaning takes can depend on how extensive your duct system is, how old your air ducts are, and whether they have ever been cleaned. On average, expect a standard size home (between 2,000 and 3,000 square feet) to take 2-5 hours for one to two technicians to clean. Here are the proper protocol and equipment you should expect from a professional duct cleaning service, as recommended by the Environmental Protection Agency:
In order to make your everyday life easier and more enjoyable, Sky Heating & Air Conditioning specializes in state-of-the-art heating and cooling technology, partnering with Trane, Mitsubishi, and Waterfurnace.  We bring you HVAC solutions that represent the best the industry has to offer, ensuring long-term performance and satisfaction.  Whether you’re looking for the design/build of a new system, replacement, or hoping to cut costs and enhance convenience, we answer with proven products.  Our qualified HVAC technicians help you determine the ideal solution for your exact requirements, and make sure you’re happy with every step of the process.  From ductless HVAC to geothermal heating and cooling systems, we offer a wide selection of options and comprehensive services to answer any type of challenge.  Call on Sky Heating & Air Conditioning and let us exceed your expectations today!

Summers in Portland and The Dalles can be the absolute best time of year or pure torture.  Your cooling system makes the difference. Take advantage of perfectly maintained temperatures, superior dehumidification, unprecedented energy efficiency, and outstanding reliability with quality air conditioning products and services from Sky Heating & Air Conditioning.  We protect the enjoyment of your home with precise installation, system replacement, seasonal maintenance, and prompt repair.  Our skilled AC technicians are always on call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, providing Emergency Service and protecting the value of your investment.  Every project is answered with a dedication to customer satisfaction that has earned us an A+ rating from the Better Business Bureau. Contact Sky Heating & Air Conditioning for air conditioning service in The Dalles and Portland, OR.  
Multiple inventions within this time frame preceded the beginnings of first comfort air conditioning system, which was designed in 1902 by Alfred Wolff (Cooper, 2003) for the New York Stock Exchange, while Willis Carrier equipped the Sacketts-Wilhems Printing Company with the process AC unit the same year. Coyne College was the first school to offer HVAC training in 1899.[12]
×