Installing or replacing central air can be a huge expense, so you’ll want to get it right. To ensure that you have the best advice, we surveyed more than 14,000 Consumer Reports readers about new central air-conditioning systems they bought and installed between 2009 and 2016. We learned how satisfied they were overall with their purchase, the cost of repairs, how many systems break, and which parts break most often.
In the case of direct expansion equipment, the air passing over the indoor cooling coil heats the cold liquid refrigerant. Heating the refrigerant causes boiling and transforms the refrigerant from a cold liquid to a warm gas. This warm gas (or vapor) is pumped from the cooling coil to the compressor through a copper tube (suction line to the compressor) where the warm gas is compressed. In some cases, an accumulator is placed between the cooling coil and the compressor to capture unused liquid refrigerant and ensures that only vapor enters the compressor. The compression process increases the pressure of the refrigerant vapor and significantly increases the temperature of the vapor. The compressor pumps the vapor through another heat exchanger (outdoor condenser) where heat is rejected and the hot gas is condensed to a warm high pressure liquid. This warm high pressure liquid is pumped through a smaller copper tube (liquid line) to a filter (or filter/dryer) and then on to an expansion device where the high pressure liquid is reduced to a cold, low pressure liquid. The cold liquid enters the indoor cooling coil and the process repeats.
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The main problem when installing a multi-split system is the laying of long refrigerant lines for connecting the external unit to the internal ones. While installing a separate split system, workers try to locate both units opposite to each other, where the length of the line is minimal. Installing a multi-split system creates more difficulties, since some of indoor units can be located far from the outside. The first models of multi-split systems had one common control system that did not allow you to set the air conditioning individually for each room. However, now the market has a wide selection of multi-split systems, in which the functional characteristics of indoor units operate separately from each other.
"We've had Cody as our cooling and AC tech for three years and he has helped us keep an aging system going and working well. We like the fact that GV Cooling & Heating has assigned us an excellent tech who knows us and our system. Cody shows up on time, explains what he's doing or has done and is thorough in his maintenance procedures even in a hot Arizona attic. He and his company really deserve our five-star rating."