SEER is related to the coefficient of performance (COP) commonly used in thermodynamics and also to the Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER). The EER is the efficiency rating for the equipment at a particular pair of external and internal temperatures, while SEER is calculated over a whole range of external temperatures (i.e., the temperature distribution for the geographical location of the SEER test). SEER is unusual in that it is composed of an Imperial unit divided by an SI unit. The COP is a ratio with the same metric units of energy (joules) in both the numerator and denominator. They cancel out, leaving a dimensionless quantity. Formulas for the approximate conversion between SEER and EER or COP are available.[34]
Refrigerant Metering Device -- Every HVAC system has one of these, and heat pumps have two. They regulate the amount of refrigerant going through your air-conditioner. If it fails, either too much or too little refrigerant will course along the lines and either not perform well or will overwhelm the compressor and cause it to fail. A total failure of this component will result in a complete loss of operation.
When your furnace needs immediate repair, trust the professionals at BGE HOME. We understand that furnace problems are more than a mere inconvenience – they can have a serious impact on the health and safety of you and your family. Our technicians are available 24-hours a day for emergency repairs. Click to schedule your repair and have peace-of-mind knowing that a licensed, certified HVAC technician will have your system up and running as quickly as possible. For 24-hour emergency furnace repair service, call 1-888-243-4663.
In 1758, Benjamin Franklin and John Hadley, a chemistry professor at Cambridge University, conducted an experiment to explore the principle of evaporation as a means to rapidly cool an object. Franklin and Hadley confirmed that evaporation of highly volatile liquids (such as alcohol and ether) could be used to drive down the temperature of an object past the freezing point of water. They conducted their experiment with the bulb of a mercury thermometer as their object and with a bellows used to speed up the evaporation. They lowered the temperature of the thermometer bulb down to −14 °C (7 °F) while the ambient temperature was 18 °C (64 °F). Franklin noted that, soon after they passed the freezing point of water 0 °C (32 °F), a thin film of ice formed on the surface of the thermometer's bulb and that the ice mass was about 6 mm (1⁄4 in) thick when they stopped the experiment upon reaching −14 °C (7 °F). Franklin concluded: "From this experiment one may see the possibility of freezing a man to death on a warm summer's day."[9]
The HVAC industry is a worldwide enterprise, with roles including operation and maintenance, system design and construction, equipment manufacturing and sales, and in education and research. The HVAC industry was historically regulated by the manufacturers of HVAC equipment, but regulating and standards organizations such as HARDI, ASHRAE, SMACNA, ACCA, Uniform Mechanical Code, International Mechanical Code, and AMCA have been established to support the industry and encourage high standards and achievement.

*Residential Service call's subject to $119.00 travel and diagnostic fee, Commercial Service call's subject to a $149.00 travel and diagnostic fee. Once diagnosed, necessary repairs will be quoted in accordance with standard flat rate repair price. Repair and quoted repair price may be accepted or declined by the customer at that time. Travel and Diagnostic fee will still apply in case customer declines repair. All calls are C.O.D. Overtime rates for Residential Service are $169.00, overtime rates for Commercial services are $179.00.  These rates are for services performed after normal business hours Monday through Friday 8am-4:30pm.
Lennox was started to offer some of the most long-lasting, reliable HVAC systems in the market while providing the best service and quality for customers. Knoechel Heating Company in Zelienople is no different, with our on-going dedication to your comfort and commitment to the community. We strive to be the experts at what we do so you can always be comfortable, and know you can always count on us. Give us a call at 724-452-6280 or arrange an appointment with us so we can help you achieve whole home comfort. 
Has another company told you that your furnace has a cracked heat exchanger?  The heat exchanger is the heart of your furnace. Its failure can result in a dangerous situation for your home and the best solution is usually a new furnace.  Because of these issues, Bonney takes this situation very seriously.  We will offer you proof of the cracked heat exchanger in the form of a picture from our video inspection camera or a report from our exhaust gas analyzer, before we make our recommendation.

Since the 1980s, manufacturers of HVAC equipment have been making an effort to make the systems they manufacture more efficient. This was originally driven by rising energy costs, and has more recently been driven by increased awareness of environmental issues. Additionally, improvements to the HVAC system efficiency can also help increase occupant health and productivity.[21] In the US, the EPA has imposed tighter restrictions over the years. There are several methods for making HVAC systems more efficient.
Extensive training – Over the years, we have had to learn continually and update our skills to stay top-of-the-line. We continue to offer state-of-the-art products today with the service skills to match. We offer 800 hours of training classes to our technicians every year. They also have access to factory resource personnel and engineers for consultation.
Keep in mind that ducts used for heating might not be the right size or in the right location for optimal cooling. Your contractor should ensure that duct sections are properly sized and that there are enough supply registers to deliver sufficient air to the right spots. Undersized ductwork can make for inefficient and noisy operation. Here’s how to keep yours humming:
Just had a well knowledge maintenance tech from A-OK come out and maintenance my AC unit and furnace. He informed me about all my safety’s were working properly and my Freon was well charged, cleaned my coils and drain, replaced my filter and checked the temps in all my supply’s. This young mans name was Mike and I would recommend him to come out to all my friends and family’s homes for maintenance.

"Jim did a great job. His price was $1300 cheaper on replacing both the attic and outside units (everything new). What I liked about him is that he was not pushing services. Although, he assessed and pointed it out everything that needed to be fixed, at the same time, he was sharing how I could do the work myself if I wanted to save the money. I really liked that. Final work was a Trane- 4 Ton, 14 Seer Heat-Pump System with 1year warranty on labor and the 10 year parts from the Trane. It works great so far. I had a 2.5 ton old ac that even when it worked well would take hours to cool down the house. No kidding, now it cools the house from 76 to 72 in 15 minutes. After using thumbtack for a while, I realized that there are good workers that will do the job for a lot cheaper. You just need to be patient and do the estimates with all the contractors that send you messages. Oh, and please, rely on the reviews. I would definably recommend 911 AC/services !!! Great job Jim!"


Non fluorochemical refrigerants, such as ammonia (R717), carbon dioxide (R744) and hydrocarbons such as propane (R290) or isobutene (R600a). These products exist naturally in the environment. Alternative to fluorochemical refrigerants, often used due to their low direct GWP and ODP potential. (However it should be noted that commercial production of natural refrigerants is normally via man-made synthesis).

As a family owned and operated full-service HVAC provider in Erie, we recognize the concerns and challenges of keeping your home and family perfectly comfortable without breaking your budget.  At Nerthling's Heating and Air Conditioning, we go above and beyond to eliminate inconvenience, protect your investment, and find solutions you can easily afford.  To better serve your needs, we offer extended regular service hours from 8 to 6 PM Monday through Saturday, available throughout Erie County, including Millcreek, PA, Erie, PA & Fairview, PA.  In emergency situations, we are always available, twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week.  Know that when you call Nerthling's Heating and Air Conditioning, we are 100% committed to your satisfaction.  We treat your home like it’s our own.

Here at Baker Brothers, we know just how unbearable the heat in the DFW metroplex can be. That’s why we want your home’s air conditioning unit to be functioning properly. Whether you have a problem that you want to be solved now or just want to do preventative maintenance, we can help. Contact us today to schedule your HVAC service or repair in the Dallas & Fort Worth area!


For most homeowners, any HVAC repair needs to be done in a timely manner. The longer you have to wait for AC repair, furnace repair, etc., the more difficult you will find it to maintain a comfortable temperature in your residence. Our experienced technicians will find the problem and complete air conditioner or furnace repair quickly. Instead of having to suffer through a cold winter or hot summer due to HVAC problems, contact Deljo Heating & Cooling.
The liquid refrigerant is returned to another heat exchanger where it is allowed to evaporate, hence the heat exchanger is often called an evaporating coil or evaporator. As the liquid refrigerant evaporates it absorbs energy (heat) from the inside air, returns to the compressor, and repeats the cycle. In the process, heat is absorbed from indoors and transferred outdoors, resulting in cooling of the building.
The use of CFC as a refrigerant was once common, including the refrigerants R-11 and R-12 (sold under the brand name Freon-12). Freon refrigerants were commonly used during the 20th century in air conditioners due to their superior stability and safety properties. When they are released accidentally or deliberately, these chlorine-bearing refrigerants eventually reach the upper atmosphere.[60] Once the refrigerant reaches the stratosphere, UV radiation from the Sun homolytically cleaves the chlorine-carbon bond, yielding a chlorine radical. These chlorine radicals catalyze the breakdown of ozone into diatomic oxygen, depleting the ozone layer that shields the Earth's surface from strong UV radiation. Each chlorine radical remains active as a catalyst until it binds with another radical, forming a stable molecule and quenching the chain reaction.
If your furnace needs to be repaired, you’ll want to find a qualified heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) repair technician. Each state has its own licensing requirements; some require all HVAC technicians to have an HVAC license, while others only require someone operating an HVAC service and installation company with employees to hold a contractor’s license. For example, in Alabama, the Alabama Board of Heating Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Contractors regulates licensing, while in Kansas there is no state regulatory body and HVAC licensing can vary by region. For simple furnace repairs like changing out a filter, a trusted handyman can probably handle the job, but a trained professional should be hired for tasks like replacing a gas valve, installing a new inducer fan motor or other critical furnace repair jobs that involve dealing with gas leaks or other dangerous conditions. For more, check out our tips for smart hiring on Thumbtack.
Many homes have a forced-air HVAC system. Both the heating and the central air conditioning units share a ductwork system where they either push in or pull out warm or cooled air. There are also heating and cooling systems that don’t require ductwork — such as ductless mini-splits — but work on the same principles of heat exchange. The national average to hire an HVAC specialist is $2,920-$3,670, with costs varying depending on the work you need done and the equipment you are installing.
If the condenser coils are clogged, the compressor can overheat and shut down. You’ll experience intermittent periods of minimal cooling, followed by no cooling. Even if you’re “sure” the condenser coils are clean, clean them again. Turn off the power. Flip the air conditioning service and furnace circuit breakers in your main electrical panel to the “Off” position. Next, turn off the power switch right at the furnace or air handler. Then yank the disconnect block (Photo 1) and clean the condenser coils (Photo 2). If the air conditioning service still doesn’t work properly after you’ve cleaned the condenser coils, installed a new filter and opened all the supply vents, proceed with the following repairs.
Think Air Condition Parts when you need to replace virtually any type of heating and air conditioning equipment. We source any type of replacement air conditioning equipment from all manufacturers, and we can deliver them to you anywhere in the world! But that’s not the only benefit in ordering from Air Condition Parts. Because of our huge volume, we’re able to deliver the equipment you need at the best possible prices. Be sure to call Air Condition Parts for all your replacement air conditioning equipment needs and save on your next order!
Another HVAC system used for central heating is the heat pump. A heat pump is a single unit that provides both heating and cooling. Heat pumps can be split or packaged. If the unit is split, that means the evaporator coil is housed in a cabinet inside of your house, while the rest of the unit is in a separate cabinet outside. On the other hand, with a packaged unit the entire heat pump is housed in a metal cabinet outside.
Modern refrigerants have been developed to be more environmentally safe than many of the early chlorofluorocarbon-based refrigerants used in the early- and mid-twentieth century. These include HCFCs (R-22, as used in most U.S. homes before 2011) and HFCs (R-134a, used in most cars) have replaced most CFC use. HCFCs, in turn, are supposed to have been in the process of being phased out under the Montreal Protocol and replaced by HFCs such as R-410A, which lack chlorine.[14] HFCs, however, contribute to climate change problems. Moreover, policy and political influence by corporate executives resisted change.[15][16] Corporations insisted that no alternatives to HFCs existed. The environmental organization Greenpeace provided funding to a former East German refrigerator company to research an alternative ozone- and climate-safe refrigerant in 1992. The company developed a hydrocarbon mix of isopentane and isobutane, but as a condition of the contract with Greenpeace could not patent the technology, which led to its widespread adoption by other firms.[17][18][19] Their activist marketing first in Germany led to companies like Whirlpool, Bosch, and later LG and others to incorporate the technology throughout Europe, then Asia, although the corporate executives resisted in Latin America, so that it arrived in Argentina produced by a domestic firm in 2003, and then finally with giant Bosch's production in Brazil by 2004.[20][21]
Service Experts Heating and Air Conditioning was founded with the determination of offering customers with the top of the line heating and cooling practices in the industry. Since it started, Service Experts in Raleigh has been committed to our area, offering the finest HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning) products and services in the area. If you are interested in more details about your regional HVAC leaders, simply dial us at 919-578-4329 or set up an appointment with us using our online form.
If you are using existing ducting, it will have to be inspected. Proper ducting loses around 2% to 5% of your energy. Old, leaking ducts can lose 50% or more. A contractor will need to have the ducts inspected and replace any parts ahead of time. If you are changing the size of your HVAC system because of significant changes to your home, you might need to replace the ductwork regardless.
Over the Labor Day weekend our hot water heater decided it was time to say good bye. Since we had our fall check the week before, we called Nerthlings. I cannot say enough good things about how this situation was handled. The technician, Dwain, was knowledgeable, friendly, and quite helpful without being pushy. Our questions were answered clearly. I am never made to feel that this is something...
How do you choose the right HVAC system for your home? What’s the difference between an air conditioner and a heat pump, and how do I know which system I need? If you’re shopping for a new HVAC system, air conditioner, or furnace, then chances are you’ve probably asked yourself (or Google) those questions. But here at Ruud you’re talking to the experts – our HVAC system selection guides below offer a great starting point for choosing the best HVAC system for your home, and once you’re ready to find a trustworthy and licensed installer, we’ve got you covered with Ruud’s nation-wide network of vetted Ruud HVAC contractors.

Furnaces and thermostats are not mix-and-match appliances. Using the wrong type of thermostat with a furnace will cause operating problems and can be dangerous. Although thermostats look similar, they are designed very differently. There are numerous types of heating systems and thermostat systems and they need to be coordinated for safe and proper operation. There are three types of thermostat systems used today: millivoltage, low voltage, and line voltage.​
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