Hospital operating theatres, in which air is filtered to high levels to reduce infection risk and the humidity controlled to limit patient dehydration. Although temperatures are often in the comfort range, some specialist procedures, such as open heart surgery, require low temperatures (about 18 °C, 64 °F) and others, such as neonatal, relatively high temperatures (about 28 °C, 82 °F).


Air conditioning (often referred to as AC, A/C, or air con)[1] is the process of removing heat and moisture from the interior of an occupied space, to improve the comfort of occupants. Air conditioning can be used in both domestic and commercial environments. This process is most commonly used to achieve a more comfortable interior environment, typically for humans and animals; however, air conditioning is also used to cool/dehumidify rooms filled with heat-producing electronic devices, such as computer servers, power amplifiers, and even to display and store some delicate products, such as artwork.
In the UK, the Ozone Regulations[62] came into force in 2000 and banned the use of ozone depleting HCFC refrigerants such as R22 in new systems. The Regulation banned the use of R22 as a "top-up" fluid for maintenance between 2010 (for virgin fluid) and 2015 (for recycled fluid). This means that equipment that uses R22 can still operate, as long as it does not leak. Although R22 is now banned, units that use the refrigerant can still be serviced and maintained.
Air conditioning and refrigeration are provided through the removal of heat. Heat can be removed through radiation, convection, or conduction. Refrigeration conduction media such as water, air, ice, and chemicals are referred to as refrigerants. A refrigerant is employed either in a heat pump system in which a compressor is used to drive thermodynamic refrigeration cycle, or in a free cooling system which uses pumps to circulate a cool refrigerant (typically water or a glycol mix). Furnace Repair Click Here
No one wants to be stuck in the dead of summer with a broken air conditioner, or in the cold of winter with a broken furnace or boiler. That’s why we’re available any time of day to make your emergency heating and air conditioning repair and get your system up and running as quickly as possible. We’ll show up on time, in uniform and ready to make your HVAC repair right the first time.
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This describes how much cooling the unit delivers for each watt of electricity. Efficiency is expressed as the seasonal energy-efficiency rating, or SEER. The minimum SEER for a split system central air conditioner allowed today is 14, so look for units with SEER ratings of 15 or greater. The higher the SEER, the more you can lower your energy costs.
Extensive training – Over the years, we have had to learn continually and update our skills to stay top-of-the-line. We continue to offer state-of-the-art products today with the service skills to match. We offer 800 hours of training classes to our technicians every year. They also have access to factory resource personnel and engineers for consultation.

Air handlers and furnaces aren't often found together. If you have a furnace you probably don't need to think about an air handler. Air handlers tend to be paired up with heat pumps and help manage air flow throughout the building. Some models also provide secondary heating and cooling parts to help out the heat pump. A furnace works on a different concept. Instead of an air handler, furnaces have included blowers that move the warmed air into your ventilation and disperse through your home. Since furnaces have combustion chambers and create heat, they don't have some of the parts you'll find in a typical air handler.
We came home to a gas leak and our CO detector going off last Thursday (was very cold out)! After contacting Natl Fuel we proceeded to call Nerthlings for help! They arrived quickly, found the problem & worked with us to install our new furnace the next day. They were great to deal with & a huge help with the bad weather we were having at the time!

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Some systems include an "economizer mode", which is sometimes called a "free-cooling mode". When economizing, the control system will open (fully or partially) the outside air damper and close (fully or partially) the return air damper. This will cause fresh, outside air to be supplied to the system. When the outside air is cooler than the demanded cool air, this will allow the demand to be met without using the mechanical supply of cooling (typically chilled water or a direct expansion "DX" unit), thus saving energy. The control system can compare the temperature of the outside air vs. return air, or it can compare the enthalpy of the air, as is frequently done in climates where humidity is more of an issue. In both cases, the outside air must be less energetic than the return air for the system to enter the economizer mode.
Having the most energy-efficient system ever built won't matter much if it's not maintained. Lack of maintenance is the number one killer of HVAC systems. Before each cooling season, it's recommended that your system get a professional tune-up. However, there are things you can do in the meantime to make sure your system runs efficiently throughout the year.
Keep in mind that ducts used for heating might not be the right size or in the right location for optimal cooling. Your contractor should ensure that duct sections are properly sized and that there are enough supply registers to deliver sufficient air to the right spots. Undersized ductwork can make for inefficient and noisy operation. Here’s how to keep yours humming:

Service Experts Heating and Air Conditioning was built with the determination of delivering customers with the most excellent heating and cooling practices in the industry. Since its foundation, Donelson Air Service Experts in Nashville has been faithful to community, offering the first class HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning) products and services in the area. If you are interested in more information about your regional HVAC leaders, give us a call at 615-953-9885 or set up an appointment with us online.
James Harrison's first mechanical ice-making machine began operation in 1851 on the banks of the Barwon River at Rocky Point in Geelong, Australia. His first commercial ice-making machine followed in 1853, and his patent for an ether vapor compression refrigeration system was granted in 1855. This novel system used a compressor to force the refrigeration gas to pass through a condenser, where it cooled down and liquefied. The liquefied gas then circulated through the refrigeration coils and vaporized again, cooling down the surrounding system. The machine produced 3,000 kilograms (6,600 lb) of ice per day.[citation needed]
Consumer Reports is an independent, non-profit organization dedicated to helping consumers. We make it easy to buy the right product from a variety of retailers. Clicking a retailer link will take you to that retailer’s website to shop. When you shop through retailer links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission – 100% of the fees we collect are used to support our mission. Learn more. Our service is unbiased: retailers can’t influence placement. All prices are subject to change.
Lennox was started to offer some of the most long-lasting, reliable HVAC systems in the market while providing the best service and quality for customers. Knoechel Heating Company in Zelienople is no different, with our on-going dedication to your comfort and commitment to the community. We strive to be the experts at what we do so you can always be comfortable, and know you can always count on us. Give us a call at 724-452-6280 or arrange an appointment with us so we can help you achieve whole home comfort. 

Mr. Plumber provides fast, expert plumbing service to Smyrna, GA and is here for you with 24 hour emergency plumbing service. Our licensed and certified plumbers can tackle all your plumbing jobs including sink & faucet repair, toilet repair & replacement, water line repair & replacement, drain cleaning, bathtubs & shower installation and repair, water heater installation, sewer repair, backflow prevention and more. Our professional plumbers will respect your time, home and business. You approve the price before we perform our plumbing work and your satisfaction is guaranteed! Give us a call today for:
Headquartered in Portsmouth, Virginia, Air Conditioning Specialists was established in 1997 and is a fully licensed, insured and experienced heating and cooling company. We strive to provide our customers with the quickest, most efficient HVAC service and installation. Our workmanship, along with the highest quality of home and business products available, ensures the dependable performance of your HVAC system and your family’s comfort year after year. Our staff welcomes the opportunity to serve you, and looks forward to building a long-term relationship. Our success is dependent upon 100% customer satisfaction and the referrals we receive from our many satisfied customers.
As this liquid passes through the indoor cooling coil on the inside of the heat exchanger, two things happen to the air that passes over the coil’s surface on the outside of the heat exchanger. The air’s temperature is lowered (sensible cooling) and moisture in the air is removed (latent cooling) if the indoor air dew point is higher than the temperature of the coil’s surface. The total cooling (capacity) of an AC system is the sum of the sensible and latent cooling. Many factors influence the cooling capacity of a DX air conditioner. Total cooling is inversely proportional to outdoor temperature. As the outdoor temperature increases the total capacity is reduced. Air flow over the indoor cooling coil also affects the coil’s capacity and is directly proportional to the total capacity of an AC system. As air flow increases, the total capacity also increases. At higher air flow rates the latent capacity of the cooling coil is reduced. Indoor temperature and humidity also affect the total capacity of the AC system. As indoor temperatures increase, the sensible capacity also increases. Similarly, as indoor relative humidity increases the latent capacity of the AC system increases. Manufacturers of AC equipment typically provide a “performance map” of specific equipment to show how total, sensible, and latent capacity change with changing indoor and outdoor temperatures and humidity. Power consumption and energy efficiency are also provided in these charts.

Don’t forget, when you’re in the need for 24 HR emergency repair in Akron, Ohio, Jennings is there for you no matter the time of day or night—24 hours a day and 7 days a week. If you have an emergency, please call 330-784-1286 now. If you would like to request service, please fill out and submit the form below and a Jennings associate will be in touch make an appointment.
As a Bryant Factory Authorized Dealer, Welzig Heating & Air consistently performs to strenuous standards of technical competence, business ethics, and customer approval.  Our team is NATE-certified, factory trained and regularly updated in progressive technology.  Equipped with leading edge equipment, tools, and a full inventory of genuine manufacturer’s replacement parts, we properly size and install new systems, accurately diagnose existing systems, and resolve the majority of issues right then and there.
The basic concept behind air conditioning is said to have been applied in ancient Egypt, where reeds were hung in windows and were moistened with trickling water. The evaporation of water cooled the air blowing through the window. This process also made the air more humid, which can be beneficial in a dry desert climate. In ancient Rome, water from aqueducts was circulated through the walls of certain houses to cool them. Other techniques in medieval Persia involved the use of cisterns and wind towers to cool buildings during the hot season.[5]

As a Bryant dealer, with a wide variety of products to choose from, we can keep your family healthy and feeling comfortable all year long. We carry a complete line of indoor comfort equipment with innovations that raise the standards of comfort and reliability, including air conditioners, heat pumps, gas furnaces, programmable thermostats, humidifiers, ductless split systems, geothermal systems, air cleaners, ultra violet lights and zoning products. Let the experts at Boeschen's Heating & Cooling help you customize a solution that's right for you.

Heat pipe heat exchangers or run-around coils perform a similar function when humidity control is required. Two heat exchanger are placed in the air stream, one upstream of the cooling coil and the other downstream of the cooling coil. These heat exchangers are connected together with piping. A heat transfer fluid, whether it be water or refrigerant, is either pumped or gravity fed from one heat exchanger to the other. The heat exchanger down stream of the cooling coil (re-heat coil) cools the liquid medium inside the heat exchanger and heats the air passing over the heat exchanger. The cold liquid inside the heat exchanger is moved to the heat exchanger upstream of the cooling coil (pre-cool coil) where it pre-cools the air passing over the heat exchanger and warms the liquid passing through the heat exchanger. The affect of a heat pipe or run-around coil is to reduce the sensible heat capacity of the AC system. The latent capacity of the AC system increases if direct-expansion equipment is used or remains relatively constant if chilled water equipment is used. Since the sensible capacity of the AC system has been reduced, the system must run longer to meet the thermostat set point thereby removing more moisture.
At the state level the rebates are still substantial. For example, switching to a zoned system can get you a $100 rebate from various A/C companies, and state rebates are also included. In Pennsylvania a high-efficiency air conditioner alone can get you up to $300, and a high-efficiency complete HVAC system can see up to $1000. Maryland's incentives get up to $1,250, with a $100 rebate on a tune up of an existing system.

For complex commercial heating and cooling systems, you need an expert. When you run into malfunctions, it’s not a DIY job to fix it. At Air Blue Heating and Cooling Inc., we know how important your HVAC systems are to running your commercial facility. Anytime you need repairs, maintenance, or installations, contact our team of licensed professionals. With our extensive industry background, we provide the highest quality service for your systems. We always adhere to strict standards for procedures, training, and customer service. As a Carrier Factory Authorized Dealer, we meet rigid standards for customer service and technical expertise, so you know you’re getting the very best. Give us a call any time of the day for efficient, accurate, and long-lasting commercial HVAC services in Elk Grove Village, Addison, Bedford Park, Bensenville, Elmhurst, Chicagoland and the surrounding suburbs.
Architectural acoustics Architectural engineering Architectural technologist Building services engineering Building information modeling (BIM) Deep energy retrofit Duct leakage testing Environmental engineering Hydronic balancing Kitchen exhaust cleaning Mechanical engineering Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing Mold growth, assessment, and remediation Refrigerant reclamation Testing, adjusting, balancing
A gas that can be retrofitted into a refrigeration system designed for another, without major system changes. For example, R422D is a drop-in replacement for R22 in many applications. However, hydrocarbon refrigerants are NOT drop-in alternatives for most fluorocarbon refrigerants due to substantial system changes needed to manage their differing characteristics (e.g. flammability).
"Jorge Mondragon did a fantastic job installing a new upstairs AC and furnace. His price was close to the best that I received, and after seeing the positive reviews on Thumbtack, I decided to give him the job. He came in with two other crewman and worked about a half day to get the job done. They used tarps on the floor and covered the entire section they walked on during the install, including the stairs. The new AC works great, although the real test will come when the brutal summer kicks in. I'll update my review once I have a few months on the unit. The install job looked thorough and well done. Professional, polite, well-spoken, and hardworking. This is my go-to company for all future HVAC needs and I'll be recommending him to everyone I know."
Over the Labor Day weekend our hot water heater decided it was time to say good bye. Since we had our fall check the week before, we called Nerthlings. I cannot say enough good things about how this situation was handled. The technician, Dwain, was knowledgeable, friendly, and quite helpful without being pushy. Our questions were answered clearly. I am never made to feel that this is something...
Affton, Arnold, Baden-Riverview, Ballwin, Bellefontaine Neighbors, Belleville, Berkeley, Breckenridge Hills, Brentwood, Bridgeton, Carondelet, Chesterfield, Clayton, Clifton Heights, Collinsville, Creve Coeur, Des Peres, Edwardsville, Ellisville, Eureka, Fairview Heights, Fenton, Ferguson, Florissant, Glen Carbon, Granite City, Hazelwood, High Ridge, Hillsboro, House Springs, Hyde Park, Imperial, Jefferson County, Jennings, Kirkwood, Lake St. Louis, Lemay, Manchester, Maplewood, Maryland Heights, Normandy, O'Fallon (MO), Oakville, Olivette, Richmond Heights, Sappington, Soulard, South Hampton, Spanish Lake, St. Ann, St. Charles, St. Charles County, St. Louis-Downtown, St. Louis Place, St. Peters, Swansea, Tower Grove, Town and Country, University City, Valley Park, Webster Groves, Wentzville, West County, West End, Wildwood
We bought 2 top of the line Lennox HAC for $29,000 less about $3,500 rebates, thinking they would at least last 10 years. Well, after 6 years, the system leaked. We are paying $1,700 to fix that leak. We thought at least it is still under warranty - yes BUT - the warranty covered $15 & the rest we were up for ,even though they advertise 10 year warranty. We are trying to sell & move out of high cost southern Calif & have looked at 20+ places in Arizona. Most of the houses we looked at were built from 1998 to 2005. We asked if the HAC was original & in most case it was - even though the highs were 115 to 120 & the lows 90F - versus where we live the highs run 85 to 95 & the lows are in the 60s. I asked the repairman WHY ours went out at 6 years. He replied that they just do not build them the same anymore. In Arizona, I did not see any Lennox - mostly Trane or Carrier. We had Fujistu in Australia which were fantastic - nothing went wrong in the 9 years we had them. Also, they had full induction motors not like the energy consuming 2 stage motors in Lennox. Maybe the Japanese built Fujusita still builds quality & the warranty is meaningful?
Ventilation is the process of changing or replacing air in any space to control temperature or remove any combination of moisture, odors, smoke, heat, dust, airborne bacteria, or carbon dioxide, and to replenish oxygen. Ventilation includes both the exchange of air with the outside as well as circulation of air within the building. It is one of the most important factors for maintaining acceptable indoor air quality in buildings. Methods for ventilating a building may be divided into mechanical/forced and natural types.[16]
"Jim did a great job. His price was $1300 cheaper on replacing both the attic and outside units (everything new). What I liked about him is that he was not pushing services. Although, he assessed and pointed it out everything that needed to be fixed, at the same time, he was sharing how I could do the work myself if I wanted to save the money. I really liked that. Final work was a Trane- 4 Ton, 14 Seer Heat-Pump System with 1year warranty on labor and the 10 year parts from the Trane. It works great so far. I had a 2.5 ton old ac that even when it worked well would take hours to cool down the house. No kidding, now it cools the house from 76 to 72 in 15 minutes. After using thumbtack for a while, I realized that there are good workers that will do the job for a lot cheaper. You just need to be patient and do the estimates with all the contractors that send you messages. Oh, and please, rely on the reviews. I would definably recommend 911 AC/services !!! Great job Jim!"
Packaged terminal heat pumps (PTHP) are are similar to a window-mounted air conditioner. These units are typically installed in a sleeve passing through the outdoor wall of an apartment, hotel, school classroom, etc. PTHPs are completely self contained and require only an electrical connection in addition to the opening in the building shell. They use the outdoor air as the heat source in winter and as a heat sink in summer. They also can provide ventilation air. Flexibility and lower installed cost are the primary advantages of the PTHP. Disadvantages include in-room maintenance, higher operating cost, relatively short life, imprecise "on-off" temperature control, and they can be rather noisy.
Fuses -- Anyone who has worked with electrical systems knows all about fuses and how they fail. They can burn out over time, may just be loose, or can blow out during an electrical storm or due to overload from another failed component. Of course, that's what they're supposed to do; they stop surges from going through and damaging the rest of the system. When a fuse fails, whatever system it was protecting will stop working.
Whenever you need any installation, repair, or maintenance for your heating system, call Baker Brothers. We are committed to providing the best customer service and getting your issues solved quickly and efficiently. We service all major make and models of electric and gas heating system in your home. Baker Brothers employs only the best heater/furnace service professionals that are ready to get your home comfortable for you during those cold days and nights.
Air conditioners often use a fan to distribute the conditioned air to an occupied space such as a building or a car to improve thermal comfort and indoor air quality. Electric refrigerant-based AC units range from small units that can cool a small bedroom, which can be carried by a single adult, to massive units installed on the roof of office towers that can cool an entire building. The cooling is typically achieved through a refrigeration cycle, but sometimes evaporation or free cooling is used. Air conditioning systems can also be made based on desiccants (chemicals which remove moisture from the air) and subterraneous pipes that can distribute the heated refrigerant to the ground for cooling.[2]

If you are installing an AC system from scratch, your contractor should calculate the size of the cooling equipment you need by using recognized methods such as what you’ll find in the Residential Load Calculation Manual, aka Manual J, from the Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA). If you already have ductwork for your heating, adding a central system can cost less.

Some of the most common problems that require gas furnace repair include malfunctioning thermostats, frequent cycling, blowers that continuously run, excessive noise, general lack of maintenance, dirty filters and electric ignition or pilot control problems. Repair Clinic can show you how to fix your furnace and save you money on the parts and repair. Safety first! Be sure to consult an HVAC pro if you’re not confident making furnace repairs.
According to a 2015 government survey, 87% of the homes in the United States use air conditioning and 65% of those homes have central air conditioning. Most of the homes with central air conditioning have programmable thermostats, but approximately two-thirds of the homes with central air do not use this feature to make their homes more energy efficient.[56]
Air conditioners contain the condenser and are traditionally set outside the home. One of the most common confusions with air conditioners is that they cool the existing air in your home. Air conditioners actually pull out heat from inside your home through a host of pieces in your system and expel it outside. The removal of heat is what makes the air feel cool, not the addition of cold air.
Do you need expertise in HVAC? Roswell and Marietta residents who choose Moncrief Heating & Air Conditioning get the benefit of over 118 years of reputable experience in air conditioning and furnace repair, service and installation. Whether you have an emergency or need routine service, we are available 365 days a year. Call us today at 404-350-2300.
At Air Condition Parts we know our customers! Every day we help Nursing Homes, Hotels and Motels, Hospitals, Colleges and Universities locate quality PTAC Air Conditioners and PTAC Air Conditioner Parts. These industries choose us because they have grown accustomed to our extensive experience and ability to identify and find not only today’s current air conditioner parts but those hard to locate PTAC parts, and to provide them at very competitive prices!

When a gas furnace is not in operation, most send a steady, wasteful draft of warm household air traveling up the venting system and out the roof. The Rheem Classic® Series and Classic® Plus Lines – with AFUE ratings of 78% and better – feature an induced-draft blower that works in conjunction with a hot surface ignition system to pull hot gases through the heat exchanger at a constant and controlled rate of flow. As the burner cycles off, the draft blower stops, keeping the heating air in the system.


For complex commercial heating and cooling systems, you need an expert. When you run into malfunctions, it’s not a DIY job to fix it. At Air Blue Heating and Cooling Inc., we know how important your HVAC systems are to running your commercial facility. Anytime you need repairs, maintenance, or installations, contact our team of licensed professionals. With our extensive industry background, we provide the highest quality service for your systems. We always adhere to strict standards for procedures, training, and customer service. As a Carrier Factory Authorized Dealer, we meet rigid standards for customer service and technical expertise, so you know you’re getting the very best. Give us a call any time of the day for efficient, accurate, and long-lasting commercial HVAC services in Elk Grove Village, Addison, Bedford Park, Bensenville, Elmhurst, Chicagoland and the surrounding suburbs.

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